From December 1989 to November 1990, local referendums were held in the cities and districts of Transnistria, a region in eastern Moldova. The issue of establishing the Transnistrian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic was raised at the vote. A total of 472,000 people were on the voter lists, of which 370,000 came to the referendum. Of these, 95.8% supported the formation of a new republic. At the same time, the referendum supported the idea of having the 14th Russian Army on the territory of Transnistria, which had been
in Moldova all this time and which the country was trying to refuse.
National issues also intensified: in particular, in March 1988, at a plenum of the Writers' Union of the USSR, attempts were made to promote the idea of the Russian language as the national language in all the republics of the USSR. Moldova and Romania did not want to lose their identities, so on February 16, 1989, the Moldovan parliament published a bill "On the functioning of languages in the Moldavian SSR", which deprived parents of the right to choose the language of teaching for children, and for using another language in official communication, except Moldavian, administrative and even criminal liability was envisaged. This led to the emergence of a spontaneous social movement that advocated the introduction
of two official languages in Moldova: Moldavian and Russian.
The first victims of the conflict appeared on November 2, 1990, two months after the declaration of independence of Transnistria. Subsequently, there were many clashes between Moldovan police and Transnistrians.
On March 17, 1991, an all-Union referendum on the preservation of the USSR was held. Moldova did not support it. Subsequently, Moldova declared its independence. Transnistria did the same. The UN recognized
only Moldova as a state. On March 2, 1992, Moldova became a full member of the United Nations.
The Russian government did not want to lose control over Moldova, nor was it satisfied with Moldova's alliance with Romania. In fact, this led
to the beginning of the armed conflict in the east of the country. On the night of March 1-2, 1992, Cossack troops attacked the Dubossary police station and took 32 police officers hostage. The posts of guardsmen and militiamen of the separatist regime in Tiraspol were insured by armored vehicles of the Russian army. As a result, hostilities engulfed the left-bank villages on the outskirts of Dubossary and the right-bank Bendery.
On March 28, 1992, Moldovan President Mircea Snegur imposed
a state of emergency throughout the country, ordering the liquidation and disarmament of Transnistrian police.
Since the beginning of the conflict, the Russian army has been constantly shelling the Moldovan military. Moldova suffered heavy losses, and on July 21, 1992, Moldovan President Mircea Snegur, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, and Transnistrian leader Igor Smirnov signed
a peace agreement. The conflict has been "frozen" and has not yet been resolved.
In 2010, the Moldovan parliament declared
March 2 "Remembrance Day".