Military operations on the territory of Ukraine will harm neighboring countries, the expert emphasizes. Atmospheric pollution and especially water pollution will manifest themselves not only within Ukraine. All water resources are moving objects, which means that polluted water from rivers and lakes will sooner or later fall into the sea.
"Even now, experts are recording the pollution of the sea and marine ecosystems. In particular, scientists talk about the negative consequences of an oil spill, which can affect not only the coast of Ukraine but neighboring countries. If we talk about the Black Sea, there are already data
on dolphins beaching themselves near Turkey, Bulgaria, and Romania. In particular, the situation is associated with the constant movement of Russian ships in the Black Sea and the use of sonar, which affects
marine mammals. Mines and underwater explosions can also threaten dolphins", says Sadohurska. "As we can see, the fact that the war is taking place on the territory of Ukraine has a significant impact on neighboring countries. And not even in the long term, but today."
Doug Weir, research and policy director at Britain's Conflict and Environment Observatory (CEOBS), explains that the location of war and its duration have their characteristics and consequences on the environment. If terrorist attacks and similar incidents cause direct damage to the environment, then long-term wars also lead to social changes.
In a conversation with Zaborona
, Weir draws attention to the fact that the world today has witnessed policies that could negatively affect the European environment. As an example, he cites the food crisis caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which diverts attention from decisions aimed at improving biodiversity. At the same time, world governments are once again turning their attention to the environmental consequences of war. This is also important in the context of the completion of new norms of UN international law on the protection of the environment in connection with armed conflicts. According to the expert, this is the only positive moment in the current situation.